Currently, the HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to affect individuals who usually engage in unprotected sex with infected people. The hard truth about this kind of disease is that it has no cure. However, there are effective treatments that can enable the affected people to live healthy and longer lives with the condition.
Such kind of treatment is known as antiretroviral therapy (ARV), and it works well for both experienced and new people to HIV medication. There are different forms of HIV medication, and these are suitable for different conditions. When you test HIV positive, your doctor knows the right drug for your state. People living with HIV should take the medication at least once a day as prescribed by the physician.
ARV therapy has significantly lowered deaths related to HIV/AIDS given that it claimed a lot of lives during its peak. Since the discovery of HIV in the early 1980s, it infected about 70 million people with the virus. On the other hand, approximately 35 million lost their lives. The hardest hit areas are mostly in Sub Saharan regions where at least one in every 25 adults lives with HIV.
If patients strictly adhere to the treatment, they can live healthy lives and may not transmit the virus to their partners in the long run. The FDA approved drugs are tested and tailored to suit different regimens of each to ensure that they do not affect other treatment.
There are numerous HIV-1 drugs, and they suit different conditions and may not be right for every person. Your doctor prescribes the right medication for you, and it goes along with a specific diet that you should maintain. Of late, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved new antiretroviral drugs in September 2018 namely Delstrigo and Pifeltro.
These two drugs show that they have low levels of cholesterol. When people age, they usually experience high cholesterol and increased cardiovascular issues. The other good thing about the new treatment is that it does not interact with other medications for treating such conditions.
The FDA, therefore, is responsible for regulating human drugs and vaccines to ensure that they are safe and secure for human use. The agency has up to date controlled different medications that help to reduce the severe impacts of HIV/AIDS on the affected people. As such, this guide outlines different types of HIV drugs available and how they function on different people living with HIV/AIDS.
New Types Of HIV Medications
Delstrigo and Pifeltro are new HIV oral drugs that are suitable for individuals that have not been on antiretroviral treatment before. The drug will soon be available for consumers who are new to ARV therapy. It is not recommendable to use HIV drugs interchangeably since they can negatively impact on the health of the user.
The other issue is that no drug is perfect for each. Therefore, it is essential to provide both the patients and the physicians with options that allow them to suit their own needs. The new drugs were tested on over 700 patients, and they showed definite signs of reduced cholesterol levels.
Source: Khan Academy
Delstrigo is another drug introduced on August 30, 2018, and it consists of doravirine, lamivudine as well as tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. The treatment includes one tablet which you should take once a day during the same time. You can receive the medication with or without food, but it is essential to eat something after taking the treatment.
The drug contains two or more types of HIV medicines combined into one form of treatment. A combination of two or more HIV treatments entails that the drug is effective. It can reverse the impacts of the disease in your body.
Pifeltro is another latest drug that was launched on 30 August 2018, and it contains doravirine. The drug binds to, and it later reverses or alters transcriptase, an enzyme required by HIV to make a copy of itself. When the virus makes copies of this enzyme, it multiplies in the body thereby weakening the immune system.
The drug comes in the form of a tablet, and the patient should take one every day. When the patient carefully follows all the treatment requirements, the drug significantly helps to reverse the impacts of HIV on their health. They can live healthier and longer lives.
Symtuza consists of two or more HIV drugs from different classes, and it was launched on 17 July 2018. Some of its components include the following: tenofovir AF, darunavir ethanolate, cobicistat, emtricitabine, tenofovir AF, darunavir, tenofovir alafenamide fumarate, emtricitabine, emtricitabine as well as darunavir ethanolate among others.
HIV patients should take one tablet of symtuza per day, and it should go along with food to avoid side effects. When you take this tablet, you can perform various tasks during the day without feeling any sign of restlessness. It is essential to take the treatment with the recommended type of food to maintain good health.
Biktarvy is another latest HIV drug launched on February 7, 2018. The drug has the following components bictegravir sodium, tenofovir alafenamide fumarate and emtricitabine. It helps to reverse the negative impacts of HIV on the body. The drug boosts the immune system such that it does not become vulnerable to frequent infections that affect people with HIV.
People living with HIV should take one tablet per day, and they choose the appropriate time which they should maintain. As per physician instruction, the medication should go along with food. Patients can still take it without food, but it is recommended to eat afterward.
Symfi And Symfi Lo
Symfi Lo and Symfi are also two latest HIV drugs that were launched on February 5, 2018, and March 22, 2018, respectively. These two drugs share similar components namely efavirenz, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, and lamivudine.
The patient needs to take one tablet of each of these drugs at a time. It is also recommended to take the dose before bedtime on an empty stomach to avoid dizziness. The drug can also lead to impaired concentration and drowsiness. As per instructions, users of this particular treatment should avoid taking it during the day to prevent complications.
Cimduo comprises of Lamivudine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, and the medication entered the market on February 28, 2018. Patients should take one tablet per day with or without food. Like other forms of HIV treatments, this drug helps to reduce the effects of the condition on the immune system.
Users of the medication also need to ensure that they carefully follow the instructions and avoid skipping treatment. This treatment works well during sleep time when the body is relaxed. It also helps to fight other infections that are common among people living with HIV.
Odefsey consists of three including emtricitabine, rilpivirine, & tenofovir alafenamide. The user of the treatment should take one tablet per day with or without food. The drug helps to boost the immune system while at the same time preventing the body from common infections.
People living with HIV/AIDS are prone to common infections that include influenza, fever, headache as well as diarrhea among others. The drug helps the body to reverse the effects of HIV such that it becomes dormant. However, it is critical to maintaining a healthful lifestyle by avoiding unprotected sex with multiple partners.
Trogarzo is another latest HIV treatment launched on March 6, 2018. The drug is a combination of other HIV drugs and includes Hu5A8, Ibalizumab-uiyk, IBA, TNX-355, and TMB-355. The medication acts as an inhibitor that blocks CD4 receptors on the surface of particular cells that are immune. HIV intends to enter these cells, but the drug prevents it.
The medication’s initial dose consists of 2,000mg then a dose of 800mg is followed every week. The treatment significantly differs from other HIV treatments that require a daily dosage. When the drug blocks the HIV from entering specific cells, the immune system remains strong. At the same time, the body can continue functioning normally.
Juluca is another HIV treatment launched in November 2017, and it is still very new. It contains rilpivirine hydrochloride and dolutegravir sodium. When you are on this treatment, take one tablet per day. You should also make sure that you take the medication after a meal to avoid side effects on your body.
Isentress HD came into the market on May 26, 2017, and it comprises of raltegravir potassium and RAL. It acts explicitly as an Integrase inhibitor. The medication blocks HIV integrase, an enzyme that seeks to make some copies of itself thereby multiplying in the body.
When the drug blocks the production of other integrase cells, the immune system remains strong. People with virus initially suppressed on their regimen should take two 600mg Isentress HD tablets once per day. Individuals with experience in HIV treatment should take one 400mg tablet two times a day. They should receive the medicine with or without food.
Descovy entered the market on April 4, 2016. The drug contains two or more HIV treatments that include the following emtricitabine, emtricitabine, tenofovir alafenamide fumarate, and tenofovir AF. Patients should take one tablet per day, and it goes with or without food.
The treatment also helps to prevent the immune system from attack by HIV. The therapy also helps the body to resist some minor infections. The procedure can go a long way in ensuring that the virus does not spread to other cells in the body.
What You Should Know About HIV Treatment
Currently, there are more than 50 HIV treatments, and more than 10 of these are new drugs introduced in 2018 alone. Compared to other years, 2018 has the highest number of new therapies launched. The aim is to find a long lasting solution to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Since the early 1980s, many people died due to the disease.
Despite these latest strides in new HIV treatments, people need to know that there is still no cure for HIV/AIDS. The other issue is that new medication is not for those individuals already on HIV treatment. The drugs are good for people who are new to ARV therapy since a change of drugs can cause adverse reactions on the body.
The good news is new drugs are effective remedies created to prolong the lives of people living with HIV. The drugs play a crucial role in reversing the effects of the virus on their bodies so that they can live long and healthy lives. The HIV continually evolves, and no single treatment is perfect to cure the condition.
It is also essential for all individuals to understand that not all drugs are suitable for every person. You should openly talk to your doctor so that he can get the right treatment for you. It is also vital to maintain a healthy lifestyle when you are on ARV therapy to ensure its effectiveness.
Choosing the right ARV regimen depends on various factors like side effects as well as the patient’s other medical issues. There is also likely to be a tendency of drug interactions which may affect the quality of treatment. Therefore, more treatment options help the doctors to tailor the medication to suit each.
While HIV/AIDS does not have a cure at the moment, new drugs are changing HIV treatment drastically. For example, the single tablet regimens play pivotal roles in reducing the side effects and severity of HIV. One pill in the morning can take you the whole day full of energy and no side effects.
As more medicines continue to enter the market, there is hope that in future people can end up taking their medication weekly. The situation will get even better when patients can take HIV treatment maybe once or twice a month.
It is crucial for those on ARV therapy to bear in mind that positive behavior change is good for their health. HIV/AIDS remains a challenge in the healthcare sector since it does not have a cure yet. The treatments currently available help to prolong the lives of affected people.